AirToob Lightning
Lisbon, Portugal, June 2017

[Portugal visit continued from Part 1]

[...and from our previous visit to Lisbon in 2015, which included the Lisbon Oceanarium]

On this visit we discovered a hidden treasure, the inadequately-named “Lisbon Greenhouse”, actually a series of vast botanical enclosures built within an abandoned basalt quarry, and subsequently extended. The first enclosure (and the entrance to the others) is the Estufa Fria, or “Cold Greenhouse”.

You reach this place (map link) by walking uphill for 10 minutes from the top of the Avenida da Liberdade (Lisbon's equivalent of the Champs Elysée in Paris) through the Eduardo VII Park, keeping to your left.



The Estufa Fria is much larger than appears here. Its roof consists of wooden slats separated by air gaps, which keeps the enclosure cool in summer and warm in winter.


You can walk around the enclosure on paths cut into the hillside at different levels, including one just beneath the roof.
In this picture you can see some of the other enclosures beyond.


This origami sculpture in the lake is one of several by Marco Zecchinato...


...more of which were on display in an exhibition room near the outside lake...



...which seemed to be attracting another visitor, peering in through the window!


This part of the outside lake is only accessible via the exhibit area...


...and features, among other things, terrapins and large fish...


The Portuguese use water features everywhere - this one in the bar terrace of our hotel, a nice place to sit out on a warm evening...


...and this is one only recently installed in the Avenida da Liberdade


We learnt a lot about Lisbon's fascinating history in the Lisboa Story Centre, a cultural museum well worth visiting. It includes a very realistic recreation on film of the Great Lisbon earthquake of 1755.


Afterwards we took a 90-minute cruise on the huge Tagus river (map link), with which so much of Lisbon's history is connected


Passing the Praça do Comércio (Commerce Square), the setting-out point for explorations and commerce that affected so much of the world that we know today.

(This is where the Lisboa Story Centre is very appropriately located.)



The huge monument of Cristo Rei (Christ the King), inispired by the famous statue in Rio de Janeiro, erected to express gratitude that the Portuguese were spared the effects of WWII

(Extreme digital zoom on a compact camera, taken by my spouse from a moving boat at very long distance!)


The 25 de Abril (25th April) Bridge, often compared to the Golden Gate Bridge in San Francisco, named to celebrate the “Carnation Revolution” of 1974 that freed the country of dictatorship with almost no shots fired



Approaching the mouth of the Tagus, very much a working river, where the boat turned around


Sailboats passing the Champalimaud Centre for the Unknown, said to be the world's most advanced centre for research into cancer, brain damage and blindness, both medically and from an architectural point of view. From the river it looks a little like a cruise ship, but it is designed to look quite different from almost any angle in which it is approached.


Through the huge oval-shaped window on the left you can see a forested area within the building (with its own water features) that is used as part of the healing regime - go here and here if you would like to see more of the Centre






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